Laparoscopic Achalasia Cardia is an advanced minimally invasive surgical procedure used to treat Achalsia Cardia disease. Achalasia Cardia or Achalasia is a rare but serious disease which damages esophagus. The esophagus is a tube that carries food from the throat to the stomach. Achalasia Cardia mainly causes difficulty in swallowing food. It also causes various problems such as chest pain, coughing, regurgitation and breathing issues, in case of food enters into the lungs. In Achalasia Cardia disease, nerve cells and muscles of esophagus do not work properly. This is a chronic disease in which the nerve functions become worse over the time.
Dr Gaurav Mishra is a skillful Laparoscopic Surgeon and Coloproctologist in Mumbai. He is an expert in the treatment of colon, rectum and anus diseases. Dr Gaurav Mishra has performed lots of complicated Laparoscopic Achalasia Cardia surgeries successfully.
Causes of Achalasia Cardia
- The exact causes are still unknown. Esophagus Cancer can cause Achalsia Cardia.
- Other causes include rare parasitic infection called as Chagas’ disease.
- Autoimmune disease also damages the esophagus. The degeneration of nerves in esophagus often leads to the advanced symptoms of Achalasia.
Symptoms of Achalasia Cardia
The symptoms of Achalasia include:
- Difficulty in swallowing both solid and liquid food.
- Chest discomfort
- Sharp chest pain
- Loss of weight due to reduced intake of food
Dignosis of Achalasia Cardia
Timely diagnosis is very important to avoid complications in the future. Doctor suspects Achalasia Cardia if patient is suffering from difficulty in swallowing. Common diagnosis methods include:
- Esophageal Manometry
In this procedure, a thin tube is passed through the patient’s nose and they have to swallow several times. The tube records the muscle activity and ensures that esophagus is functioning properly or not.
- X-ray and barium swallow test
The patient swallows a white liquid solution known as barium sulfate. Barium sulfate is visible to x-rays. As the patient swallows the suspension, doctor keeps the record of barium’s movement down esophagus through X-rays.
It involves a camera on a thin, lighted tube which is passed down the digestive channel. Patient is given anesthesia during this whole procedure. Endoscopic diagnosis procedure allows the doctor to see inside the esophagus and stomach. It shows signs of Achalasia and also reveals any inflammation, ulcers or tumors.